Classroom Activity: Discovering Antarctica

February 22, 2021

The icy continent surrounding the South Pole is called Antarctica. Its name means “opposite to the Arctic,” referring to the region around the North Pole. Antarctica is a cold and forbidding land that has no permanent human population and is almost devoid of animal or plant life. However, the ocean surrounding Antarctica teems with life.

The following activities and resources are designed for learners at primary and middle school levels.

Resource Packs

Use the Britannica School (Australia) Primary level resource pack ↗ to help students learn about the geography, climate and wildlife on Antarctica, Earth’s most isolated continent. For more advanced learners, a Middle school version↗ of this resource pack is also available.

Teacher Tip:
Schools subscribed to the New Zealand or Asia version of Britannica School can also access these resources:
Britannica School (New Zealand) Primary level resource pack↗
Britannica School (New Zealand) Middle level resource pack↗
Britannica School (Asia) Elementary level resource pack↗
Britannica School (Asia) Middle level resource pack↗


  1. Examine an Antarctic explorer using the pack materials. Write a diary entry from a day in the life of an explorer describing what might have happened during your expedition.
  2. Animals have adapted to the cold harsh conditions of the Antarctic, especially penguins. Identify the adaptations penguins have developed to survive these conditions, complete the table.
  3. Antarctica does not belong to any one nation, The Antarctic Treaty is essential to any discussion or decisions related to Antarctica. Think about how Antarctica is linked to conservation. Create a mind map summarising how Antarctica is used for conservation and any current threats e.g. Whaling, Mining, Pollution and Fishing to this purpose.

Download all worksheets


Featured Image from BRITANNICA SCHOOL: Adélie penguins and leopard seals. Photo by: Stockbyte/Thinkstock. Accessed 19 Feb. 2021.

These activities and resources have been created using content from Britannica School, the go-to site for safe, comprehensive student research. Contact your librarian to find out if your institution already has access. Find out more about Britannica School or set up your own free trial.

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